Patients who have type II diabetes end up with high blood sugar because their body does not make enough insulin, the hormone that triggers body cells to remove sugar from the blood stream. Some patients with type II diabetes do make plenty of insulin, but their body’s cells have become resistant to it.
In either case, type II diabetes can have lasting effects on the body — such as vision damage, kidney damage, and nerve damage — particularly if untreated or poorly treated. Many people know that being overweight and eating too much sugar can increase their risk of developing type II diabetes, but these are not the only risk factors. Here are three lesser-known risk factors that you should be aware of.